Capacity and Weight Ratings | San Antonio, TX

How much can your vehicle tow? 

When manufacturers toss obscure acronyms at you like GVWR, GCWR, and GTW, it can be tough to find out. Below, we'll go over what these acronyms stand for, what they mean, and everything you should know to determine your truck's towing capacity.

GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)

GVWR is the maximum weight limit of your vehicle without a trailer attached. Think of it as your maximum hauling capacity, except that it also includes your vehicle weight. 

For example, a new Ford F-150 with the Heavy-Duty Payload Package has a GVWR of 7,850 pounds. That means that the total weight of the F-150, including passengers and cargo, should not exceed 7,850 pounds.

GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)

GCWR is the maximum weight limit of your vehicle including an attached trailer. When towing, you want the GCWR to be greater than or equal to the total combined weight of the vehicle, passengers, cargo, and trailer. This figure tends to vary more than the GVWR depending on your engine and vehicle configuration. 

For example, a 2021 Ford F-150's GVWR ranges from 9,400 pounds to 19,500 pounds depending on the chosen engine, cab size, wheelbase length, tow package, hitch type, and whether it has 2WD or 4WD.

GTW (Gross Trailer Weight)

GTW is simply the total weight of the trailer and its cargo. This is useful to know when working out what your truck can handle. For example, if you know the weight of your truck, passengers, and cargo, then all that's left to do is to assess the GTW. Add it all up and if it's lower than your truck's GCWR, you're good to go!


When you buy a truck at Grande Ford in San Antonio, Texas, we know you expect top-notch capability. If you're not sure what you need to tow your trailer, we'll be happy to help you out and to show where you can reliably find accurate GVWR and GCWR values for your specific vehicle.


Contact Us!


Grande Ford Truck Sales Inc.

4562 IH 10 East
Directions San Antonio, TX 78219

  • Sales: (866) 417-3660
  • Service: (866) 353-8843
  • Parts: (877) 462-9151


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  • Sunday Closed